What is an H-1B?
The H-1B non-immigrant visa category is used by U.S. employers to temporarily employ foreign workers in specialty occupations. A specialty occupation is one that requires the theoretical and practical application of a body of highly specialized knowledge and for which attainment of a baccalaureate degree (or its equivalent) is a minimum for entry into the position. Basically, a specialty occupation is a professional position.
How long can I be an H-1B?
An individual may hold H-1B status for a maximum of six years, available in increments not to exceed three years.
How do I become an H-1B?
An employer wanting to hire an H-1B worker must file a petition with the Department of Homeland Security. The employee cannot petition for H-1B status or obtain it independently. At Georgia State University the Office of International Student and Scholar Services will assist departments in filing H-1B applications for their prospective employees. To begin an application please have your department visit the GSU Departments section of our website.
What about my family?
Dependents of H-1B employees (spouses or children) can be in the U.S. in H-4 visa status. If dependents are in the U.S. at the time the H-1B is applied for then ISSS will assist in changing their status to H-4. If dependents are outside of the U.S. at the time the H-1B is filed for, then nothing is filed. Later, the H-1B’s dependents can use the H-1B’s paperwork along with what is required by the U.S. Embassy or Consulate to obtain H-4 visas for themselves.
H-4 status holders are allowed to attend school either on a part time or full time basis.
H-4 status holders are NOT allowed to work while in the U.S.
What are the rules of my H-1B status?
1) H-1B visa holders can only work for the employer indicated on their H-1B approval notice. Consultation for other employers or working at other locations is not allowed.
2) H-1B visa holders can attend school but only on a part time basis. If you want to pursue a degree full time then you should change your immigration status to F-1.
3) Generally, there is no grace period associated with an H-1B. This means that on the end date listed on your H-1B approval notice you should depart the U.S. You are only entitled to a grace period of 10 days beyond the end date listed on your approval notice if it has been noted on your I-94 card at the time of entry into the U.S. by an immigration officer.
4) If you decide to terminate your position at GSU prior to the end date listed on your approval notice you must contact ISSS so that this can be reported to immigration. Your H-1B status will end on the day you stop working.
5) If you are terminated from your position at GSU then your hiring department is responsible for purchasing you a plane ticket so that you can immediately return to your home country.
How can I travel as an H-1B?
When traveling outside of the U.S. as an H-1B there are many things that should be considered prior to your departure. Please ensure that you have the necessary documents for entering whichever country you choose to visit. To find out what documents you will need to travel to a certain country please visit that country’s U.S. Embassy or Consulate web site at www.embassy.org.
The next thing to consider is whether or not you will need an H-1B visa stamp in your passport. Being approved for H-1B status in the U.S. and having an H-1B visa stamp in your passport are two very different things. If you changed your status from F or J to H-1B within the U.S., then you will not have an H-1B visa stamp in your passport and will therefore have to visit a U.S. Embassy or Consulate to obtain one before you can re-enter the U.S. A visa is essentially a travel pass that allows you to board a plane or boat and come to the border of the U.S. Your H-1B approval notice (I-797) is what actually allows you to enter the U.S. and stay here. To obtain a visa stamp in your passport you will need to make an appointment at the U.S. Embassy or Consulate closest to where you will be (ISSS recommends that you always obtain your visas in your home country). You will need to take the following items with you to your visa appointment:
"(Name of H-1B1 employee) is currently employed in H-1B status in the Department of (Name of department) in the position of (position title) earning an annual salary of (dollar amount). (Name of H-1B employee) is authorized to work in the department until (end date of H-1B approval period).
(Name of H-1B employee) is traveling to (country name) to (state purpose of trip, i.e. visit family and friends, or attend a conference) and is expected to return to Georgia State University to resume (his/her) H-1B employment on (date)."
For Research Positions Only:
"(Name of H-1B employee) is performing research in the field(s) of (state general field(s) of research, i.e. genetics, molecular biology). The nature and purpose of this research is to (state the nature and purpose of the research responsibilities in terms that a mother could understand, i.e. discover the genetic and/or molecular causes of prostate cancer, or improve on therapeutic treatments of prostate cancer). To the best of our knowledge, this research can only be useful to persons researching (state general goal of research, i.e. prostate cancer) and could not be used for a dual purpose.
Kindly issue (Name of H-1B employee) an H-1B visa stamp so that (he/she) may return to the U.S. to resume (his/her) work."
As an H-1B do I have to pay taxes?
Employees in H-1B status are subject to Social Security and Medicare tax. H1B employment is also subject to federal and state income tax, unless tax exemption is specifically provided by treaty.
All foreign nationals, regardless of visa status, who receive payment while in the U.S. are required to file U.S. income tax returns.
Employees should contact the Tax Accountant in Disbursements to find out more information concerning these issues.
How do I get a Driver’s License?
While you can use your international driver’s license to drive in the U.S. for the first 12 months you are here, you will find it is much easier to have a driver’s license issued to you by the state of Georgia. In the U.S. driver’s licenses are used for identification purposes so you will use it quite often and it will reduce the cost of your car insurance.
The closest Driver’s License Customer Service Center to downtown is the South DeKalb Center located at 2801 Candler Road, Decatur, GA 30034. However, go to the Department of Driver Services (DDS) website (www.dds.ga.gov ) to find the most convenient location for you. All locations are open Tuesday-Saturday from 9am to 5pm. Note that they are closed on Mondays, and Tuesdays are normally very busy.
You may make an appointment at the South DeKalb Mall, Marietta, Lithonia, and Lawrenceville Centers by calling (678)413-8500 and selecting option 3. Other Centers will provide the service but do not accept appointments.
Take the following documents with you:
You will be asked to surrender all foreign drivers’ licenses before you are issued a Georgia license. If you state that you do not have a license from your home country, then you will have to take both the road and written tests, which are waived if you give up your home country license. However, all applicants are subject to taking the eye exam.
For more information about obtaining your Georgia driver’s license you can visit the Georgia Department of Driver Services web page at http://www.dds.ga.gov or call them at 866-754-3687 or 678-413-8400.
How do I get a Social Security Number?
Georgia State scholars who are actively employed on campus need to apply for a Social Security number for the purposes of filing taxes. The Social Security number is used by the U.S. Government to identify wage earners for tax purposes.
You should wait until you have been in the U.S. at least ten days before applying for a social security number. This will allow for enough time for your immigration information to be entered into the system, which is then verified by the social security office. You will need to have the following in order to apply for a social security number:
You should expect to receive your social security card by mail in approximately two-four weeks.
IMPORTANT!!: If you are told by the SSA that your admission number (I-94 number) has not been put in the system/database, the SSN representative should make photocopies of all your documents and give you a receipt. If you are told to come back or go to USCIS, kindly ask them to verify your immigration status by faxing a request for verification to LOSISV (Los Angeles Immigration Status Verification) unit. Make sure they make copies of your immigration documents for verification. If this happens to you, the SSA office has indicated that it can take up to 90 days to receive your SSN. If denied, request a written denial, and come see us!
H-4 visa holders are not eligible for a Social Security number.